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ICIN Group credit: RIEL Veronica Toral-Granda ICIN

Who we are

The Indigenous Carbon Industry Network (ICIN) is a network of Indigenous-owned organisations that operate across north Australia to develop and deliver carbon projects, mainly through savanna fire management. 

Full members of the ICIN are Indigenous organisations that either own carbon projects or directly deliver carbon credits.

Associate members are Indigenous organisations that have an interest in the carbon industry.

Any Indigenous organisation seeking to join the ICIN should Contact Us for membership information and forms.

Our members are currently producing around 1.2 million carbon credits each year through 35 Indigenous-owned savanna fire management projects and several Indigenous-owned vegetation projects. Collectively, Indigenous organisations delivering these carbon projects have established an industry employing hundreds of Indigenous people in some of Australia's most remote places. The Indigenous carbon industry is generating around $59 million worth of Australian Carbon Credit Units (ACCUs) annually across northern Australia through the Emissions Reduction Fund (ERF), compliance and voluntary markets.

The network is united by our Vision and Core Values.

Vision: to promote and facilitate an active, innovative and Indigenous-led carbon industry supporting healthy country and better livelihoods for Indigenous people.

Core Values:

  • Accessible and Member-driven: We work together to support each other and strive to enable decision-making that reflects the aspirations of members. 
  • Indigenous-led and Empowering: We support more Indigenous voices to be heard and seek to maximise benefits brought by the carbon industry to Indigenous communities. 
  • Respectful: We acknowledge that we all come from different places, yet we seek common ground where we find it. We respect local cultural protocols and are mindful that our industry is grounded in thousands of years of traditional knowledge and practice. 
  • Transparent and Accountable: We are a trusted independent voice for the Indigenous carbon industry.

Our Rulebook

The ICIN Ltd was formed following three years of consultation with members, including direct input from over 20 Indigenous organisations across north Australia. The company was registered in 2021 and its Constitution last amended at the Extraordinary General Meeting of members on 14 February, 2022.

The Constitution sets the rules for ICIN Ltd, a registered not-for-profit company limited by guarantee, owned by its full members and overseen by a seven-person, 100% Aboriginal Board of Directors. Access the ICIN Ltd Constitution

Purpose and Objectives

Our purpose is to enable and empower Indigenous carbon producers and Traditional Owners of carbon projects to benefit from carbon markets through their land and sea management practices by supporting an active network of Indigenous carbon businesses and supporting agencies.

We aim to achieve our purpose by:

  1. Enabling and empowering Indigenous people to benefit from Australian carbon markets.

  2. Working towards an Indigenous-led carbon industry supporting the advancements and aspirations of Indigenous people across Australia through:
    • Promoting Indigenous leadership and empowering Indigenous voices to be represented and Indigenous knowledges, practices and perspectives are represented in the Australian carbon industry;
    • Advocating for an Australian carbon industry that is accessible to Indigenous people, protects and strengthens Indigenous rights, delivers benefits to Indigenous communities and supports healthy country outcomes;
    • Ensuring the interests of the Indigenous carbon industry are represented in public decision-making processes;
    • Promoting best practice standards for Indigenous engagement in the Australian carbon industry, enabling fair business agreements and Indigenous empowerment; and
    • Building, promoting and strengthening the reputation of Indigenous carbon credits in Australia and internationally.

  3. Supporting an active network of Indigenous carbon businesses, organisations and groups engaged in the Australian carbon industry through:
    • Building the capacity of Indigenous people to engage in the Australian carbon industry;
    • Supporting the growth of Indigenous Producers and Indigenous Proponents benefiting from the Australian carbon industry; and
    • Disseminating information, research, policy and market updates and news about and for the Indigenous carbon industry.

ICIN Board of Directors

ICIN Ltd is an independent, Indigenous-led not-for-profit owned by its Full Members, all Indigenous organisations that own or directly produce carbon credits.

ICIN Members have appointed the following Initial Board of Directors to oversee ICIN Ltd until its first Annual General Meeting:

  • Cissy Gore-Birch
  • Dean Yibarbuk
  • Tyronne Garstone
  • Catherine Goonack
  • Mr Rioli
  • Neville Gulay Gulay
  • Abraham Wesan

The network is currently supported by 4 staff members; a CEO, Anna Boustead; Business Development Manager, Brian Hylands; Project Coordinator, Toni Hay and Communications Manager, Kaye Hall.


We are grateful for the support of our funders, the Australian Government Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources, Northern Territory Government, Queensland Government, Indigenous Land and Sea Corporation, and The Nature Conservancy. We are also grateful to Warddeken Land Management Ltd for its in-kind support in hosting the ICIN during its formation.

Our history

In March 2018, the interim ICIN Steering Committee was established under agreed Terms of Reference. This followed an inaugural regional industry group meeting at the Savanna Fire & Carbon Forum held in Darwin, which identified a key gap in the coordination of Indigenous carbon businesses across north Australia. The aim was to provide a point of contact for knowledge sharing and policy advice to enable Indigenous land managers to participate fully in emerging carbon industries with a good understanding of its associated risks and benefits.

The interim ICIN Steering Committee, comprising network members, guided the strategy and direction of the ICIN during the establishment phase of the network (2018-2021) whilst more formal governance structures were put into place. Special thanks to:

  • Kimberley Land Council (Kristina Koenig)
  • ALFA Ltd (Jennifer Ansell)
  • Tiwi Land Council (Mr Rioli)
  • Northern Land Council (Matt Salmon)
  • Warddeken Land Management (Shaun Ansell)
  • Indigenous Land and Sea Corporation (Jonathan Green)
  • Wunambal Gaambera AC (Tom Vigilante)

The support of Warddeken Land Management Ltd allowed the ICIN Coordinator, Anna Boustead, and Steering Committee members time to work together to ensure that ICIN Ltd would be fit for purpose and truly Indigenous-owned and led. We are also grateful to Terri Janke and Company for its advice and consultations with members towards formation of the ICIN Ltd Constitution.